The Identification And Prevention Of Low Back Disorders. Part 3

May 16th, 2012 · No Comments ·

According to Hollingsworth and Watson, age is moderately correlated with performance on the Depression scale of MMPI and sex is negatively correlated with performance on the Hysteria scale of the MMPI. According to the multiple regression analysis utilized, no interrelationships of particular strength or significance was found with regard to the set of predictor variables.

Hollinsworth and Watson conclude that “psychological stress from chronic low back pain is considerable and may be anticipated”. They continue that continual attention be paid to the psychological adjustment and the stress under which these individuals are placed. It is also suggested that psychological profiling be considered pertinent to the planning of management and rehabilitation of the chronic low back patient.

One more substantial study must be reported as significant with regard to the statistical implications and ramifications of low back injuries. In 1986, the Vermont Rehabilitation Engineering Center for Low Back Pain developed a computer model for the purpose of predicting the predisposition of disability as a result of low back injury. The following are some of the most significant findings of the Vermont study:

Ninety percent of individuals suffering from acute low back pain recover within three months.
The remaining ten percent of low back patients become “chronic”.
These ten percent of the population account for eighty percent of all expenditures for treatment and compensation.
Workers who are disabled for more than six months “are unlikely to ever return to work” .
Psychological factors were not correlated to prediction of disability. In fact, the conclusion stated was that psychological factors related to low back patients were consequences rather than precursors of disability.
Rather than the factor of heavy lifting as a correlate to low back injury, this study implicated poor postures and inadequate seating as significantly correlated to low back episodes.

The amplitude and frequency of vibrations encountered during driving was demonstrated to be the cause of most of the job related back episodes encountered by truck drivers and the heavy driving lay public.

The significance of the aforementioned studies propose that back disorders are predictable with regard to behavior and in some instances, psychological profiles. The use of these risk profile characteristics appears to be a prudent mechanism for the prevention of low back disorders. The next section of this article will deal with the evolutionary, developmental and mechanical implications of low back syndrome.

The Evolutionary Implications of Low Back Disorders

It would be substantially irresponsible for any researcher to consider the causes of the pervasive category of conditions indexed under low back disorders without dealing with the evolution of the human animal with specific emphasis on the spine. After all the analyses, computations and theorizations are considered, back problems are manifested as mechanical malfunctions.

The question arises as to the basis of the widespread occurrence of low back disorders in the human species. This strata of musculo-skeletal problems is manifested in all segments of the population in a generally inclusive pattern. Simply stated, the low back appears to be the Achilles Heel of the human skeletal system. Some very well founded evidence seems to support the theory that the evolution of the Homo sapien as a bipedal (erect, two legged) animal is the intrinsically causal factor in the development of low back disorders. In his influential text, The Fossil Evidence for Human Evolution: An Introduction to the Study of Paleoanthropology, Clarke (1978) observed, “The muscular anatomy of men and apes is astonishingly alike, even down to some of the smaller details of the attachments of many of the individual muscles”. However, Dr. Clarke fails to point out that apes use their arms to support their horizontal posture and propel their locomotive efforts. Apes have very few low back disorders for rather apparent mechanical reasons.

Here is reliable site where you’ll get competent counsel plus high quality cheap generic drugs to treat a large group of different diseases.

Tags: Wellness